A Beginner’s Guide to Coding


Coding is a fascinating and rewarding skill to learn, as it allows you to create your own programs and apps, whether you want to become a professional programmer or just create something cool to share with your friends.

In the US, coding is becoming an increasingly important skill as more and more jobs in the tech industry require programming knowledge. Even if you don’t plan to work in computer science, learning how to code can make you more well-rounded and tech-savvy.

As the new wave of technology sweeps through the world, we see an increasing number of people learning how to code. In this guide, we’ll talk about some of the basics of coding and some of the different frameworks and languages available. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced coder, there’s something for everyone in this guide.

1. What is coding?

At its most basic level, coding uses a programming language to create logic or algorithms. When you write a program, you develop instructions that tell the computer what to do.

There are many different types of coding languages, ranging from high-level languages, such as Python and Ruby, to low-level languages that work at a more fundamental level with the computer’s hardware. The type of programming you want to do will determine which language is best for you.

For instance, object-oriented programming languages, such as Java and C++, are designed for creating complex software applications. These languages have a steep learning curve, but once you master them, you can make anything you like. Other languages like Python, Ruby, and JavaScript are more beginner-friendly and ideal for writing quick scripts or creating small programs.

2. What are some popular coding languages?

There are many programming languages to choose from, and the list constantly changes as new languages develop. There are two categories of programming languages: compiled and interpreted.

Compiled languages translate into machine code before running, while interpreted languages are executed directly on the computer. Some popular languages in each category include:


  • C++ – A versatile language that can create anything from large software applications to small embedded programs.
  • C – A simple, efficient language that forms the foundation of many other programming languages.
  • Java – One of the most popular languages for writing large software applications, especially Android apps.


  • Python – A popular, beginner-friendly language that Google and YouTube use.
  • JavaScript – A powerful scripting language known as the heart of web development.
  • PHP – A server-side language for writing dynamic websites and web applications.

3. What is a framework?

In addition to different languages, there are also many frameworks. A framework is a set of pre-written codes that helps in creating software.

For instance, if you are using the Ruby programming language, you have a choice between the following frameworks:

  • Ruby on Rails – A popular framework for creating large web apps.
  • Sinatra – A lightweight, minimalist framework often used for writing small web apps.
  • Other Ruby frameworks – There’s a list of frameworks compatible with the Ruby language, including JRuby, Rubinius, and Padrino.

4. What are some popular frameworks for web development?

Web development is one of the most popular programming fields, and there are many different frameworks that you can use to create websites and web applications. Some of the most popular frameworks include:

  • Ruby on Rails – A popular framework for creating large web applications. Many well-known companies, such as Airbnb and GitHub, use Ruby on Rails to build their products.
  • Django – A Python framework that Instagram and NASA use.
  • WordPress – A PHP framework used to create millions of websites.

5. How can I get started with coding?

Now it turns out to be the question, ‘How can I get started with coding?’

There are many resources available that can help you learn to code. For beginners, online tutorials and interactive websites are a great way to start learning. There are also many books and video courses that can help you get started.

Once you have mastered the basics, you can start creating small programs and working on coding challenges. Eventually, you will want to practice your skills by taking on real-world projects. Many online platforms can help you find coding work, including Upwork and Codementor.

Regardless of which language or framework you choose, many resources are available to help you learn. With a bit of perseverance, anyone can become a skilled programmer.

6. What kind of pay can I expect as a coder?

The average salary for coders varies based on several factors, including the language or framework you use, your level of experience, and the type of work you do. In general, though, programmers can expect to earn a comfortable salary.

For example, the average annual wage for web developers in the United States is around $70,000. This figure can vary widely depending on the state where you live. In some states, such as California and New York, developers can earn over $100,000 per year.

Suppose you are planning on pursuing a career in programming. In that case, it is essential to remember that earnings can be highly variable. Your salary will likely increase as you gain more experience and take on more significant projects.

7. What are some common mistakes that new coders make?

As a beginner coder, many valuable resources are available online to help you get started. However, despite all this help, there are some common mistakes that new coders often make. These include:

  • Focusing too much on syntax – For beginners, it can be tempting to focus too much on learning the intricacies of the language syntax. While this is an integral part of programming, you should also focus on understanding the bigger picture. This means learning about data structures, algorithms, and design patterns.
  • Learning too many things at once – While it can seem tempting to learn a little bit of everything, this often leads to confusion and makes it difficult to focus. Instead, it is better to pick a specific language or framework and concentrate on learning that one thing. Once you have mastered your chosen skills, you can branch out into other areas.
  • Focusing too much on theory – Many beginner developers are obsessed with theory. They spend hours reading about the different data structures or how to use a particular algorithm. While this is interesting, it is often best to take a hands-on approach. Practicing your skills by building small projects or working with others is a great way to gain experience.
  • Not collaborating – One of the best ways to improve your coding skills is to work on projects with other developers. This can be difficult for many beginners, who are often reluctant to ask for help or share their code. However, it is necessary to remember that we all learn by working together. By collaborating, you can get feedback and learn from other programmers who are more experienced than you.

8. Which language should I learn?

There is no simple answer to this question since different languages have different strengths and weaknesses. A good place to start is by considering the type of work you want to do and then looking for a language or framework suited to that task.

For example, if you are interested in web development, you might consider learning JavaScript or Ruby on Rails. These languages are commonly used for creating dynamic websites and can help you get started by working with others on open-source projects.

You might consider learning Swift or Java if you are more interested in mobile apps. These are the languages typically used for mobile development, and there is a wealth of online resources to help you get started.

No matter which language you choose, it is important to gradually build up your skill set and not be afraid to ask for help from other developers. This will help you acquire the most critical skills for your chosen profession and gain the confidence you need to succeed.

Final Words

Whether you want to become a full-time programmer or just learn a new skill to help you in your current job, there has never been a better time to start learning. With just an internet connection and the right resources, you can get started today! Now that you know more about coding and how to get started, what are you waiting for?

I started my journey as a Photoshop & HTML designer, my hunger takes me to the next step for PHP, Java, angular, CMS, Python, etc. Till now, I have worked on many software, mobile, web development & design projects. I want to inspire others, that's the only reason I am here to share my experience & knowledge. Let's connect on LinkedIn.